5 Top Environmental Issues in the UK & Solutions

There is no way to separate environmental issues in the UK from each other. This is due to the fact that our world is interconnected in terms of trade, travel, and governance and that we have a common climate system.

The top local issues in the UK are air pollution and flooding. Additionally, species loss is occurring at an alarming rate, and local soil and water degradation is primarily caused by industrial activities and waste disposal.

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Even while deforestation takes place elsewhere, it cannot be separated from local climate concerns because the U.K. is accountable for it due to its consumption.

While taking action, the British government is not going far enough. Even if they should bear most of the burden, you can still influence things. In this article, we take a look at the most pressing environmental issues in the UK and offer some solutions.

The List of Environmental Issues in the UK

Before we examine the numerous environmental concerns that the UK and the rest of the globe are now dealing with, a little primer: We must be extremely clear about the serious hazards that humankind and other forms of life face in order to discuss climate change honestly. It is true that not enough is being done, despite the fact that the issues we face are extremely real.

However, the purpose of reading things like this is not to become hopeless but to educate yourself first before deciding what you can do to assist. Before continuing, keep in mind that what matters are the individual and communal activities we take because there is always hope when we act. Below is a list of the major environmental issues in the UK.

Rising Sea Levels & Flooding

Without floods, a list of environmental problems in the UK would be lacking.

Over the past few decades, there have been more floods, and one in every six properties in the UK is now at danger of flooding. By 2080, the likelihood of floods might rise by up to 35%.

The number of persons and properties affected by flooding in recent years demonstrates the elevated risk. From 8,000 homes and enterprises in 2012 to 11,000 residences in 2013–2014 and 17,000 businesses in 2015–2016, the number increased.

Floods are brought on by factors like increasing sea levels and more rain, which in turn are brought on by things like ice cap melting.


Deforestation is the exception to our list for the U.K. In fact, the UK’s forest cover is increasing and is now roughly 15% higher than it was at the time of the Doomsday Book almost 1,000 years ago.

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But this brings up a crucial issue. In cases when the U.K. has been able to grow its own forestry cover, this has generally been accomplished by outsourcing many of its land-intensive requirements.

Land clearing for food production, mostly for cattle pasture and/or fodder for cattle, is the primary driver of deforestation. Additionally, it happens frequently to clear land for wood and, of course, palm oil plantations.

Deforestation must therefore be considered in the UK’s environmental problems if we are thinking holistically. Because climate change is a global phenomenon, damaging actions that are relocated elsewhere do not instantly cease to exist.

The photographs of the planet that reveal the amount of deforestation in relation to climate change are possibly the most striking and frightful photos. For instance, the Amazon, which is referred to as the earth’s lungs because it controls the air we breathe, has been completely destroyed.

Large scars of brown that have been driven through the surface of the soil show this. We lose an area of the Amazon every minute equal to one football pitch.)

As a result of the land becoming drier and causing wildfires, which in turn causes more deforestation, deforestation directly causes heat waves. Here, as in so many other climate-related problems, a negative feedback loop is evident. Deforestation takes place, increasing emissions cause temperature to rise, which causes further deforestation.

By exposing the bare dirt to the sun where there was once tree cover and by depriving the soil of the nutrients trees offer through their roots, deforestation also reduces the quality of the soil.

Air Toxicity

Since the burning of fossil fuels at the beginning of the industrial period, air quality has steadily declined in urban and industrial areas.

Today, there is a significant risk to the public’s health from this. 2 million individuals live in very polluted districts of London. In certain places, breathing the air is equivalent to smoking 159 cigarettes a year.

Previously, these emissions would have primarily originated from industry, but now they are caused by transportation, such as auto traffic and air travel. However, when the emissions from industry and transportation are added together, air pollution is to blame for up to 29,000 deaths annually in the United Kingdom, or 10% of all fatalities.

Additionally, it is clear how air pollution contributes to broader climate change. More emissions and damaging aerosols result in more pollution, which in turn causes more warmth, more wildfires, more deforestation, and soil erosion, as well as higher sea levels.

Extinction of Species and Loss of Biodiversity

Many people believe that species extinction is not a factor of climate change, despite how awful it is. But in reality, it is both. Our ecosystems grow less resilient the more biodiversity we lose. Emissions increase in direct proportion to the loss of habitats like forests and peat bogs.

The resilience of the world is reliant on its biodiversity. A lack of diversity makes a system insecure since it has fewer backup plans in case something goes wrong. One example that comes to mind is the potato famine, during which the Irish were only permitted to consume one crop, making its failure disastrous.

We observe another negative feedback loop as a result. Systems lose their adaptability and resilience when biodiversity declines, thereby contributing to the loss of biodiversity.

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Soil Toxicity

Our production systems are under a great deal of stress as a result of the requirement to feed a population that is constantly growing and is expected to reach approximately 11 billion by the year 2100.

All food is produced by the planet (even animals are reared on a feed from crops). Because of this, organizations like the Soil Association view the protection of soil quality as essential to ensuring the sustainability of the world.

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Globally, soil quality is declining, mostly as a result of industrial farming methods and deforestation. Industrial farming frequently uses harmful pesticides and fertilizers, cultivates crops in monocultures (i.e., when one crop is produced in isolation), and generally decreases soil quality through excessive use.

Solutions to Environmental Issues in the UK

It’s critical to keep in mind that solving the U.K.’s environmental problems involves more than just the government. There is a strong and expanding activism and community-based movement in the UK and both individuals and communities have a role to play. Below are some proffered solutions to mitigate the effect of environmental issues in the UK.

  • Prevention Of Air Pollution

  • Creation of clean energy and renewable fuel. Moving away from fossil fuels and substituting them with alternative energies like solar, wind, and geothermal is the most straightforward strategy to reduce air pollution.

  • Energy efficiency and conservation;

  • Environment-friendly transportation

  • Green construction.

  • Methods to Lower Soil Pollution

  • Consume sustainable foods, and correctly recycle batteries.

  • Make your own compost.

  • Dispose of your medications in locations designated for this purpose. 

  • Encourage eco-friendly business, farming, and stock breeding practices among other economic endeavors.

  • How we can solve the problem of species extinction

According to scientists, preserving the habitats of endangered animals is the greatest method to preserve them. Participate by offering your time to a nearby wildlife refuge or nature center. Visit neighboring parks to for animal or bird viewing. Millions of employment are generated and local businesses are supported by wildlife-related activities.

Many communities are investing in measures to reduce flood threats, such as sea walls, storm surge barriers, water pumps, and overflow chambers. In other cities, environmental strategies—also known as ecosystem services or nature-based solutions—have come to the fore.

What Are The 5 Major Issue Of The Environment?

These include environmental issues including pollution, population growth, waste management, and the greenhouse effect, among others.

What Is The UK Doing About Environmental Issues?

The Environment Agency is lowering emissions from industry, improving rivers and swimming areas, and assisting in reducing the worst effects of climate change through regulation of the waste, water, nuclear, and carbon-intensive industries, as well as through their work on flood resilience and goal of reaching net zero by 2030.

What is the Biggest Environmental Issue in the UK?

The top local issues in the UK are air pollution and flooding. Additionally, species loss is occurring at an alarming rate, and local soil and water degradation is primarily caused by industrial activities and waste disposal.

Is the UK Environmentally Friendly?

The UK ranks third among the EU28 countries and performs admirably on the Eco-Innovation Index’s metrics for resource efficiency.

Is the UK the Greenest Country?

The total EPI rating for the UK is 79.89. In terms of environmental friendliness, the UK is ranked sixth in the world.

How Polluted is the UK?

In the UK, the annual mortality from air pollution caused by humans is roughly equivalent to 28,000 to 36,000 deaths.


Why is UK Carbon Footprint So High?

The answer to that is Power. The largest source of carbon emissions in the UK comes from burning fossil fuels to produce power, so it’s critical that we phase them out as rapidly as we can and transition to a 100% renewable future by 2050.

How Much Of The UK Is Still Green?

At the end of March 2022, the area of land classified as the Green Belt in England was anticipated to be 1,638,150 hectares or about 12.6% of the country’s total land area.

What is the UK Environment Like?

The UK has a maritime, humid, temperate climate with a reasonable yearly temperature range. The normal range of yearly precipitation in the UK is between 800 mm and 1,400 mm.

Which UK City Is The Greenest?

According to a recent study, Exeter has the greenest core of any British city, followed by Islington in north London, Bristol, Bournemouth, and Cambridge.

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How Much Of UK Water Is Polluted?

Only 14% of English rivers are considered to be in good ecological condition, with single-use plastics, sewage, roadways, and agricultural pollution all adding to the hazardous “chemical cocktail” that is currently circulating in our waterways.

What Is The Most Eco-Friendly City In The UK?

Sheffield, which has been dubbed the greenest city in the UK, outperforms all other UK cities on our list in terms of renewable energy output. The city in Yorkshire, set alongside the breathtaking Peak District National Park, boasts more than 22,000 acres of open space.

Does The UK Have Dirty Water?

The oceans and rivers of the UK have poorer water quality than that of most of Europe. According to the 2021 EEA data on bathing water quality, 85% of river and coastal bathing facilities in EU member states have “good” water quality when it comes to the presence of bacteria, pollution, or sewage.

Why Is The UK So Nature Depleted?

The UK is one of the nations in Europe with the least amount of natural resources due to centuries of farming, construction, and industry. Numerous roads and vast agricultural lands, together with other influences, have diminished biodiversity in the UK to an extent rarely seen elsewhere.

Is The UK Doing Enough For Climate Change?

The UK is not meeting other objectives, despite a 70% drop in emissions from power production and a substantial increase in the sale of electric cars.

What Affects The UK Climate?

The climate of the UK is greatly impacted by the warm North Atlantic Drift. It transports hot water from the South Atlantic to the UK’s western coast. The country’s western regions experience mild winters as a result of the dominant south-westerly winds spreading these warmer temperatures.

How Is The UK Affected By Climate Change?

Rainfall levels and frequency will alter. The summers will be longer and be hotter, and the winters will be wetter. There will be greater flash flooding and more localized flooding overall. The UK’s water supplies will be under more strain as a result of this.

What Is The Most Polluted Street In The UK?

The 23-home row at Woodland Terrace, Hafodyrynys, has been demolished after nitrogen dioxide levels there were found to violate international health standards. The levels, which were the highest outside of central London in the UK, were brought on by passing vehicles and cars as they ascended the hill on the A472.

Which City In UK Has The Best Climate?

Chichester, a city definitely worth visiting in the summer, is the region with the sunniest days in the entire country. It’s one of the most reliable destinations for sunshine that you can bank on if not going overseas for vacations, known for its scenic scenery and sandy beaches (a rarity in the UK).

How Much Water Do We Waste A Day UK?

Over 3 billion liters of perfectly nice, pure water are wasted every single day in the UK. There are 1,200 Olympic-sized swimming pools’ worth of water in there. This is thought to be equivalent to about 25% of the water used every day in the UK.

How Clean Is British Tap Water?

According to Discover Water, British tap water has one of the highest quality ratings of any water source in the world, at 99.96%.

The Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI) routinely checks this quality to make sure our water is both hygienic and suitable for consumption.

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